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FAMILY HISTORY NEWS
NATIVE AMERICAN EVERETT FAMILIES
With Thanksgiving approaching, it seemed like an appropriate time to post an article about Everett connections to Native American families. This data, and others for Native Americans from the Office of Indian Affairs Census Records, are kept at the National Archives’ Southwest Regional Center in Ft. Worth TX. Craig visited these Archives and uncovered the following information.
The Everett Native American Connections
The most interesting records found at the center were the “interviews” that were conducted with the Native Americans who had applied to certify tribal membership in the late 1800s through 1914. Technically these are part of the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1793-1989, and specifically they are titled Applications for Enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914. Apparently each applicant had to be interviewed to report their background, lineage, family members, and connection to the specific tribe.
The data is a great resource for family historians. The information is similar to but more personal than the records that were generated in veterans files, particularly from the Revolutionary and Civil War, when the veteran or his widow applied for benefits. However, these interviews provided personal answers and reflections by family members.
The Delaware Tribal Connection
The Delaware Nation once encompassed lands from New York State through Pennsylvania and New Jersey to Delaware. However, between 1789 and 1868 seventy-six treaties between the expanding United States government and a variety of the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic Native American tribes had been concluded. The intent was for the tribes to give up their lands and agree to being moved westward. By 1820 the Delaware had been pushed all the way to eastern Kansas, eventually accepting their final move to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma. It was reported that by 1845 over 100,000 members of over a dozen eastern tribes had been settled within the Indian Territory and less than 23,000 Native American remained east of the Mississippi.
The archives records identified the marriage of two full-bloodied Delaware tribal members: Calvin “Morman” Everett and Sarah Nichols Everett. Their tribal names are Po-har-ko-wha and Q-ha-lum-me-nah-oh-qua. Calvin was also identified as being known as “Morman Everett.” Calvin’s interview was conducted November 8, 1900, he was 48 years old at the time. Apparently he and his wife did not speak English since the interview was conducted with an interpreter. In answer to brief questions he identified his wife as Sarah, 37 years old. In answer to the question of how long they had been married, it was Sarah who answered, 13 years. She also identified that her father, Dick Nichols, and her mother were deceased.
They identified their children as:
Calvin Everett, Jr. (5 y.o.)
Martha May Everett (9 y.o.)
Tommie Hickman Everett (7 y.o.)
They stated that they had lived in the Cooseescoowee district since they arrived, 32 years previously. They would have arrived with their parents and confirmed that they “came when the Delawares came” to the Indian Territory. That would have been in 1868. Calvin would have been 16 years old and Sarah would have been only 5 years old. Sarah confirmed that her sister, A-ha-lum-ma-a-lar-qua, was dead. They were issued a Citizenship Certificate for the Delaware Tribe on June 15, 1904.
Other records in the file indicated that Calvin’s father was Solomon Everett. He was identified as a full-blooded Delaware and as being deceased. We had previously identified a Solomon Everett in our research as one of the 12 scouts and hunters accompanying the Fremont expedition in 1845 to explore the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountain ranges.
There was another Delaware family with the Everett surname, Alonso J. Everett and his wife, Annie E. Everett. They were identified as living in the same “Coo” District as the family above. Their degree of “Indian Blood” was not identified, nor were their ages or parents. Their children were identified as:
Florence A. Everett (3/8 Degree Indian, 6 y.o.)
Ripley A. Everett (3/8 Degree Indian, 9 y.o.)
William H. Everett (3/8 Degree Indian, 7 y.o.)
By 1828 it was estimated that over 70,000 Native Americans still lived in the Southeastern United States. This population represented five tribes: Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles. As a group they became known as the Five Civilized Tribes because so many had been acculturated into the practices and ways of the white communities and had intermarried with white settlers. Many members of these tribes had given up their traditional clothing for that of the white settlers, they had been educated at missionary schools, and some even owned African American slaves.
The Chickasaw Nation’s tribal lands encompassed northern Mississippi and northwestern Alabama. Most of us have read about the often ferocious conflicts between portions of these tribes, the early southeastern pioneers, and the United States military as the settlers moved into these tribal lands. The Chickasaw experienced a smoother transition to the Indian Territory than the other tribes. After they sold their eastern lands for a substantial amount of money they moved westward voluntarily.
The archives records identified a Chickasaw couple: D.L. Everett and his wife, Mary E. Hill Everett. They had applied for themselves and their youngest son, S. Augustus Everett, 1 year old. I was able to review the file of the actual documents for this family. It indicated that their tribal membership had been cancelled or denied in 1898 and when they applied again there was a note that it had been denied on July 29, 1904. The records were under the wife’s Hill family:“Mary Elizabeth Hill married a white man, D.L. Everett in 1892.” Mary’s parents were identified as A. B. Hill and her deceased mother, Lettie A. Hill. This record also identified two other children, Jessie Everett (female 5 y.o.) and Andrew Everett (3 y.o.). In their interview it was stated that they moved to Indian Territory “for the express purpose of reserving affiliation with their said tribe.” The wife’s Hill family was from Tennessee and there were considerable records in the file on members of that family. Other members of the Hill family, John Calvin Hill and his brother Evan Hill moved from Tennessee to Texas. It was not clear how the Hill family may have had Chickasaw lineage, though there were many documents with statements regarding a specific connection in Tennessee.
Another record in the file identified Mary as 25 years old when the roll was recorded in 1899. It identified other children, too: Mattie Everett, 1 year old (b. May 8, 1898) and Rebecca Everett (b. October 31, 1901). This record identified S. Augustus as having been born November 14, 1899. D.L. Everett was identified as the father of all five children.
A further record indicated that the children Mattie, Rebecca, and S. Augustus had been admitted to the rolls of the tribe, but another note indicated that Rebecca and S. Augustus had been “Dismissed” with no date. On the same page it was written, apparently in 1904, that Mary, Jessie, and Andrew had been “Denied Citizenship By The Choctaw and Chickasaw Citizenship Court.” At the time this Roll was recorded the Everett family was living in Pickins County with the Post Office identified as Oakland, the Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory.
The records on the D.L. Everett family showed clearly that the Native American connection was in the marriage to the wife. They stated that Mary Elizabeth Hill “married a white man.” We know that the Chickasaw Nation encompassed northern Mississippi and northwestern Alabama. We also know that the Hill family was from Tennessee. So it is possible that the “white man,” D.L. Everett, came from Tennessee or was living in Mississippi or Alabama before the tribe was relocated to Oklahoma and the Indian Territory. It would be interesting to try to track the origins of D.L. Everett back into these states. It would also be interesting to try to locate the children and grandchildren from his family.
However, a more perplexing issue exists with the Delaware family of Calvin Everett and his father Solomon Everett. Calvin was identified as a “full blooded” Delaware, which would mean that both his father, Solomon, and his mother would have had to be “full blooded,” too. So the intriguing question is how did a full-blooded Native American gain the surname of Everett. From some of the reading I have done, it was suggested that some Native Americans had been slaves to white settlers. Perhaps they would have taken the name of a slave owner’s family just as some African American slaves did. However, it appears that this family spoke only the Delaware language and was living with the rest of the tribe when they left their homelands. Another interesting possibility could be that since Calvin’s nickname was Mormon Everett, that he and his father may have been converted by LDS missionaries and were either given or took the Everett surname from LDS members. Of course, these are just speculations.
We would like to hear from anyone who has more information or is pursuing research on these families.
Goodbye to Fellow Everett Researcher and Friend
Jane Stubbs Bailey 1934-2008
Jane was a special friend and acclaimed Everett researcher. We met Jane on the internet close to 12 years ago while she was still researching her two volume book on the North Carolina Everett family. She had an amazing knack for taking little bits of family records and piecing them together into a more complete picture. We learned a lot from her amazing use of land records and her tenacity paid off by being able to describe the movement of families and the connections between families by following the trail of land sales and purchases, and their descriptions in wills. Her books were published, with Vernon L. Everett, Jr., in 2001: Nathaniel and Mary (Mitchell) Harrison Everett of Tyrrell (Now Washington) County, North Carolina and Some of Their Descendants and Related Families. Her work exceeds in breadth, scope and detail the earlier work on a part of this family by another well-known Everett researcher from Georgia, Alvaretta Register.
Jane was born in Norfolk, Virginia where she completed high school and received her bachelor’s degree in history from Agnes Scott College in Georgia. She was Valedictorian of her high school class and Phi Beta Kappa in college. She also earned two masters degrees: in history from Emory University in Atlanta, and in school counseling at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. She worked as a teacher and school counselor. She and her husband, John M. Bailey, married in 1960 and resided in Columbia, Maryland (outside of Washington, D.C.). She is survived by her husband, a married daughter and son, a brother and five grandchildren. She died of ovarian cancer in January, 2008.
Jane was a biological cousin of ours. She descended from the original Nathaniel’s eldest daughter Mary Everett who married Thomas Stubbs in 1720. We are descended from Nathaniel’s youngest child and son, Nathaniel (1702-1782).
Jane was always willing to help other Everett researchers who had questions or were stuck with their family lines. However, despite her extensive research we still had some unfinished business. Jane had collected data and speculated that the origins of the Nathaniel Everett that is the earliest known founder of our line could have been in Maryland, but she was never able to document this. As recently as last summer we were comparing data and discussing how to use our DNA Project to try to confirm origins of this line in Maryland. Perhaps one day we will be able to confirm her theories.
Craig A. Everett
Gale Everett Goodall
Using the National Genealogical Societies’ AMA Deceased Physicians’ Files
A few months ago we were asked for help by Robin Kenney in her search for ancestors that had traveled from Mississippi, and possibly Georgia and North Carolina, into Texas around 1900. One of the main ancestors she was searching for was a physician, Dr. Charles Felder Everett.
While we found some census data and a few references on Ancestry.com, it occurred to us that as members of the NGS we have access, for the small fee of $15.00, to their physician’s file. These files were given to the NGS by the American Medical Association who had collected basic data on physicians after they had died. The data covers the period of death after 1906 and before 1964. The bulk of the “files” are on index cards. The data is for physicians who were AMA members, who graduated from an accredited medical school or were licensed in practice medicine by state licensing boards. The data included the medical school attended and the year of graduation. There is some data on internships and residencies and their locations. Where available there are also obituaries of the physician from the Journal of the American Medical Association or other sources. In some cases medical specializations are also identified.
The process began with several emails from the NGS researcher clarifying the request and identifying some of her initial findings. This was followed several weeks later by a packet of data from the NGS’ office in Arlington, Virginia. This included copies of the AMA data card, census records, and additional information from the American Medical Dirctory.
The AMA card data identified Charles F. Everett as having been born in Summit, Mississippi on June 17, 1871 and that he had completed Robinson High School. It identified him as having completed medical school in Kentucky in 1898 at Loisville Medical College. There was additional training completed in Texas. He was apparently practicing in Clarkson, Milam County., Texas in 1904. The population of Clarkson was listed as 22. By 1910 it appears that he was practicing in Burlington (population, 400), Milam County, Texas with three other physicians (James Crawford, James Herring, and Walter Smith). He was practicing in Buckholts, Milam County, Texas by 1930 with a Dr. William Lyon. The population of Buckholts was listed as 515.
Much of the latter data was supplied by the NGS researcher with copies of information from three editions of the American Medical Directory (1906, 1916, 1931). Another card indicated that he had died of “cancer of the liver on March 4, 1936 at the age of 64 in Buckholts, Texas.”
This was certainly a good $15 investment to gain this type of data and response. If you would like to learn more about Robin’s search or about this family line you can contact Robin at firstname.lastname@example.org. If you have ancestors who were physicians between the above dates and would like help getting their files, please let us know.
A New Internet Resource To Help You Find a Really Missing Ancestor: Genealogyagent.com
An article in the January, 2008 Internet Genealogy journal by Lisa Alzo caught my eye (CAE): “Do you need a genealogy agent?” She describes the new GenealogyAgentSM website which is designed to help you monitor the internet for your “brick wall” dilemmas and hard-to-find ancestors.
The website describes its goals as: “If you are tired of repeatedly checking the same Websites or conducting the same searches only to find the information for an ancestor has not changed, we can help. Our GenealogyAgents are designed to help you monitor Websites and multiple genealogy site searches for any changes related your ancestors. GenealogyAgents are ‘software agents’ that act on your behalf to monitor Websites and conduct multiple genealogy site searches for any new information on your ancestors. We will send you an email message once a month to let you know if our GenealogyAgents detected any changes related to your ancestors. This way you can be sure to catch any new information on those elusive ancestors.”
There are a number of resources related to searching “brick wall” problems on the site’s homepage along with a “surname index” that is linked to four major sites, including Ancestry.com.
I decided it was worth a try to see how it works. First you must register on the site and get a password – a fairly straightforward process (no charge). Then you need to identify your “missing” ancestor. I chose a Penelope Rogers Everett. Numerous relatives have been searching for her origins for a couple of generations. After I identified her birth and death dates I was able to add additional demographic data for the search: locations of her birth and death, name of spouse(s), names of children and names of siblings. Since we had most of this data I was able to create a fairly complete picture of the individual.
Next you pay for the “Ancestor Monitor”. These are $14.60 per individual and they remain in operation for one year. Payment is through credit card or PayPal – again fairly easy. You can sign-up for multiple individuals if you wish.
I was able to begin searching immediately. The primary category for the “agent’s” search is called “Searchable Site Monitors.” There is also a search category called “Webpage monitors” and one can add their own specific webpages (such as surname sites) to the programs area of search and monitoring.
The sites included in the search are extensive. My results included 231 searchable sites. These ranged from five categories at Ancertry.com (World Trees, Message Boards, Family and Local Histories, OneWorldTree and Public Member Trees), Genealogy.com, Family Search, GenCircles Global Tree, MyTrees com, and RootsWebSurnameList.
The search locations, the content being searched and additional information are displayed on a large interactive spread sheet (chart). The actual searches include the specific individual and many combinations of the individual and her spouse, siblings, children, birth and death dates and locations.
One just clicks on the “Search” button and you are linked to the original site of the data. The last column is for “Recent Changes”. Once you have checked through the many sites any future additions of data over the next year will be indicated in the column. The program also provides a monthly report of these changes so you can go right to them and see what has been added. Of course you can login and begin searching at any time.
Pros and Cons
The primary benefit of this program appears to be the monitoring of data added to the many genealogy websites with regard to a specific individual for whom one is searching. For me to generate these 231 initial searches would have been time consuming and I probably would not have thought to specify the variables in the search in all of the combinations that this program provides. The feature of adding surname and other websites to the search could be useful but I have not pursued it yet.
The website is clear and easy to navigate, and the $14.60 was not excess – less than purchasing a genealogy magazine.
All of these sites that the program searches are, of course, available to me independent of the website services – some for a fee and others are free. In addition, most of the data is searched in resources that are generated by the public with their submission of personal family trees and/or responses to message boards. In my initial search through some of the sites I found a number of erroneous trees for various Everett lines. Most of us know by now not to trust these submissions without seeking the sources and a confirmation of the data.
I did write emails to three individuals that were identified on various sites asking for clarifications and/or the sources of the data. If you decide to try this site too, and invest $14.60, remember that we are often searching for a ‘needle in a haystack,’ but this program may make the search more fun and add the possibility of finding a missing connection. We will report on this again in a few months to let you know if we have had any helpful discoveries.
Rescued Harvison-Everett Photo Album
Below is a list of the Everett photos in this rescued album. The families were living in Nebraska. Contact Shelley Cardiel, Cardiels@comcast.net, if you are related to or know of this family.
Elias Everett and Millie Harvison Everett
Linstrom & Stayner Studio in Edgar, NE, 1890's, couple in their 20's
(note "daughter of Thomas")
Millie Harvison Everett Beal
No studio or location identified, 1900's, woman in her
50's or 60's
Millie Harvison Everett Beal
Hutchins Railroad Photo Car, no location identified,
(note "Aunt Millie")
Linstrom & Stayner Studio in Edgar, NE, 1890's, infant
(note "dau of Millie")
No studio or location, 1890's, 3-4 years
Millie Harvison Everett Beal
Linstrom & Stayner Studio in Edgar, NE, 1890's, in her 30's
Evered Researcher Develops Website Of His Military Career
Bob Evered of the UK, an Evered researcher, author, and member of our Everett DNA Project has posted a great website depicting his military career and a photo gallery. The site is titled: Some Memories of the DCLI & SCLI January 1958 until April 1965.
Bob served in the Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry. Below are pictures of Bob during his military years and today. His website address is:
Possible Everett Genetic Disorder
Barbara “Sue” Everett Denkhoff
wrote us recently regarding a health problem that has been identified in her
family. Sue wrote: “My niece, nephew, and myself have a genetic disease
called Hailey Hailey. I know this is very personal but do you know
of anyone else (among the Everetts) that has this? It is a rash that starts as
blisters and then turns scaly. It is horrible. It is treatable but it will
always return. It is so rare that my doctor wants to present it to the
University of Louisville School of Dermatology.”
An article in Dermatology News (2004) reported that scientists had identified a defective gene, ATP2C1, “…which encodes a calcium pump protein, present on the chromosome derived from the patients mother. Normally, the chromosome obtained from the father and presumably containing a normal form of this gene, would compensate for this defect and result in the remaining skin cells being normal. However, in this case, the chromosome obtained from the father had been lost. Therefore, skin cells isolated from other areas of the skin possessed the same defect and in effect the patient had received a "double dose" of the mutant gene in severely affected areas.”
Sue wrote that she was not sure that it was inherited from the Everett line and that it may have come from her other family lines – the Hogues or Phillippes. She asked that we post her query on our website. She wrote in late September to tell us that she had been examined by a group of “50 doctors” at a special meeting at the University of Louisville Medical School. They will be conducting more research on her condition and the disorder.
Sue shared her family line with us, too: “My line originates from Boling/Bolen and Leatha/Leathe Everett. These are my GGGrandparents. They were born in the early 1800's. They had a son, Zachary Taylor Everett, who married Mary Jane Hogue. Zachary was born around 1849/1850. These are my GGrandparents. They had a son, Samuel Dennis Everett (my Grandfather), who married Mabel Johnson. Samuel was born around 1885.”
If you have any Everett relatives who have had skin conditions similar to this, even if the condition had never been diagnosed, you may want to be in touch with Sue. Her email address is email@example.com.
Digital Plan for the National Archives and Record Administration
Everett researcher Sue Hanna sent us this announcement and website:
The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration is looking for feedback on their plan to digitize more records. They are seeking public comment on their Plan for Digitizing Archival Materials for Public Access, 2007-2016. They are particularly interested in the public’s comments on collections to be digitized, and their partnerships with Google, EMC, the University of Texas, Footnote, and FamilySearch (formerly the Genealogical Society of Utah). They are also interested in comments on their guidelines for future partnerships. You can view the plan at www.archives.gov/comment/digitizing-plan.html. Comments are due by November 9, 2007.
New Bio: George A. Everett of Fulton County, Ohio
George A. Everett was an attorney who lived and worked in Delta, Ohio. He was born in 1868 in Amboy Township, Fulton County, Ohio and died c.1905. It was reported that he was descended from “the pioneers of Massachusetts” and that his family had migrated through Pennsylvania before arriving in Ohio. His parents were George and Elizabeth (Sipe) Everett and his father was said to be a native of Pennsylvania. The parents were married in Holmes County, Ohio and moved to Fulton County in 1848.
George had 9 siblings. The ones mentioned in the article included: Samuel Everett, Isaac Everett, William Everett, Isaiah Everett (died as an infant), John Everett and Mary Everett who were deceased when this article was written. Another sister married a C.E. Haynes.
George completed teacher education in 1890 and then graduated with a law degree from the University of Michigan in 1895. He opened a law firm, Paxson and Everett, in Delta, Ohio. He was described as “a staunch Republican” and he was elected Mayor of Delta in 1903. He married Marion V. Corbin of Delta in 1901. A daughter was identified as Doris Elizabeth Everett, born in 1905.
Additional information on George and his family is available on the following website: www.dgmweb.net/genealogy/FGS/E/EverettGeorgeA-MarionVCorbin.shtml. The information reported on the website was identified from a book, The County of Fulton: A History of Fulton County, Ohio, from the Earliest Days by Thomas Mikesell, ed. (1905).
Who Was Abner Everett, Revolutionary War Soldier From Georgia?
My (CAE) normal obsession with history books caused me to check the index in a new book for Everett references. This new book on the Revolution caught my eye: Almost A Miracle: The American Victory in the War of Independence, by John Ferling (Oxford University Press, 2007).
The reference is brief but interesting. This was a discussion of the fall of Ft. Washington, in New York, and the experiences of the American prisoners. It reported that one American officer, a prisoner at Fort Washington, estimated that 1,100 of the 2,800 soldiers taken prisoner there had died within the first 60 days. It was noted that the captured American officers were “paroled” and allowed to live in private homes in New York. They reportedly paid for room and board, but were allowed to move around the city, though they could not leave Manhattan.
One of these officers identified with considerable freedom was an Abner Everett.
The notation about him mentions that some officers were allowed, “…even to marry, as Abner Everett, a young Georgian, chose to do (p.430).” His rank was not identified and there was no other reference to him in the book. The author cited a reference to the above quote – Van Buskirk, Generous Enemies (p.84), but we have not pursued it yet.
Another Everett was among the prisoners from Fort Washington, though we have found little additional information about him. We reported on Lieutenant Abner Everitt of the 7th Batallion, Pennsylvania Volunteers, whose journal Craig found at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. This was in the Everett Generations Newsletter, Vol. 13, #1, February, 2002.
More On Surname Origins
We found yet another surname website. This one is not selling anything and is actually run by a group of family researchers in Ireland. Their list of surnames is extensive: www.surnamedb.com.
Their narrative on the origins of Evered, Everard, and Everett covered historical materials that we have already reported. However, there was some new information, too.
They suggest that the “Old
English” form of Eoforheard dates from the pre-7th
century. They also state that it was “very popular with the Norman invaders
(1066)” and that the Germanic form, Eberhard, and then
“intermixed” with the English form.
The following observation on their site was new information to me (CAE): The name Everard was particularly popular with the Bretons who came as part of William’s army, and who were, in recognition of their feats, granted extensive lands in East Anglia.
The connection to East Anglia is consistent with much of our research that focuses some of the early use of the surname in that area. I have never researched the Bretons – perhaps some of our UK readers know more about them in early UK history. A quick look on Google reveals that they were from Brittany – located in the northwest peninsula of France. They are said to be from “Celtic stock”. They played a “significant role” in the Conquest, comprising 1/3 of the Norman forces. Apparently, at the Battle of Hastings, the Breton soldiers were on the left flank, the Normans in the middle, and the French on the right. We will report on further research identifying this potential historical origin.
Super Gazetteer and Map Search
Genopro website offers a free search of 2.6 million international city names, provides the specific longitude and latitude figures for the location, and links the findings with the Google mapping service. The website is http://www.genopro.com/tools/city-locator.aspx.
More and more mapping programs and even family history writing programs are using longitude and latitude data to track and to mark family migrations. So, having the specific figures for locations where your ancestor lived can be useful. When your town is located on this site you can click on “View the map” and it links immediately with the Google mapping program. Here you can zoom in and out and move in different directions.
The search for Everetts, North Carolina provided the following results:
Search for a city:
Best format for searching is: [City] [State/Province] [Country] for instance: Boston MA US
Write and Post Your Own Biography
As family researchers we spend most of our time reviewing historical documents and identifying early ancestors. If you have ever thought about writing your own recent history and biographical sketch here is a web site that will help: www.webbiographies.com or http://www.webbiographies.com/Faqs.do#q5.
This site provides assistance in writing and organizing your family data with everything from working with journals and chapters to creating an extensive family tree to identifying copyright protection. The site will store your biography and also make it available to family members.
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Gravestones
Most of us have sat in old cemeteries trying to figure out obscured dates and names on family grave markers. Many of us have taken pictures of our ancestor’s gravestones only to find them unreadable. I know some Everett researchers have been active in saving and preserving old cemeteries and gravestones.
Believe it or not there is an entire association to help with the identification and preservation of gravestones – The Association for Gravestone Studies. Their website is:
www.gravestonestudies.org. Their site includes many practical recommendations for understanding the composition of gravestones and their preservation.
The Summer Bio Indexing Project
We have talked for several years of compiling a master index of all of the biographically related data on Everett individuals and families that we have collected over the past 20 years of our family history research. We decided that all of these data are not very helpful to anyone sitting in our numerous files and notebooks. Now that we have our interactive Everett website up and available, we have begun the indexing project and hope to complete it by the end of this summer.
A lot of the materials and records we have collected were from our various trips to libraries, state and national archives and courthouses around the country. Some others were sent to us by other Everett researchers and readers of the former Everett Generations Newsletter that we edited from 2001 to 2006. Some of these bios appeared in the Newsletter, not only when we edited it but when it was previously edited by Richard Everett (1994-2000) and before him by Belle Hester (1991-1993). While we provided annual indexes to the Newsletter from 2001-2006, this will be the first time that data and stories from the earlier issues of the Newsletter will have been indexed and made available. Thanks to former editor Richard Everett for his assistance in obtaining all of these early issues of the Newsletter.
While we are calling all of these records “bios”, they range from a page or two of history on one individual, to stories and journals of specific family histories, to booklets and published books on family lines. We will be recording these in a Excel spreadsheet format so that when the data are posted online you can access and search it by surname, given name, geographical locations (early and last) and birth/death dates. We will also include brief notes of specific identifying data such as spouses, veterans, distinguishing activities/achievements, etc. We will try our best to offer a repository for these records..
A lot of our early personal research was focused on the Southern and Mid-Atlantic colonies, territories and states. We used this research on our early website entitled Everetts of the South. When we took over as co-editors of the Newsletter in 2001 we broadened our scope of research and collection of data. However, we would like to make sure that the index includes a representation of Everett data from around the country, and internationally.
We Would Like To Invite All of Our Readers and Researchers To Help Collect and Contribute Bios for This Project !
If you have a written history of an early Everett family member or of your family line, either one that you wrote or one that you obtained from another source, we would like to include it in our index. Please email Craig (firstname.lastname@example.org) to see if we already have a record of the person or family. If you have data on an early individual that has not been recorded or written elsewhere, we would encourage you to write a brief summary yourself. It can be as little as a few paragraphs. It should include as much of the basic information that you have available so that it can be reviewed easily by other researchers:
Name of earliest individual
Dates of birth/death
Location of birth (state and county)
Location of death (state and county)
Locations of other residences (state and county)
Sources (reports, books, archives files, etc)
Brief summary of other pertinent data such as family members, spouses, war
We have decided at this time not to include general GEDCOM files since they do not typically focus on one individual and often provide only a running list of descendants. We would prefer the written bio of an individual or family. .
We look forward to your help with this project.
Gale & Craig
New Everett Bio Data: Isaac Everett
As I (cae) was preparing this announcement of our Indexing Project, it was timely that I received an email from Everett researcher Sue Hanna. She mentioned that a cousin of hers in Ohio had told her about a series of articles on an Everett ancestor that had appeared in The Times Recorder newspaper in New Philadelphia, Ohio. Sue located the articles online and kindly gave me permission to share them with our readers. The ancestor is Isaac Everett and she is descended from this line: Isaac7 Everett (Moses6 Joseph5 John4 Thomas3 John2 Richard1). We have published stories about the progenitor of the line, Richard Everit, who was in Jamaica, Long Island, New York in the 1600s.
The articles are in a four-part series and they can be accessed at the following websites:
It Does Pay To Write Letters To the Editors
I (cae) reported about a year ago that I had written a letter to the Editor of my favorite genealogy magazine, Your Family Tree, a British publication. In the letter, which was published in one of their earlier issues, I mentioned our DNA project and the fact that we had a number of UK participants. My request was for their “surname expert”, Anthony Adolph, to look into the origins of the Evered/Everett surname and report his findings in their magazine. The publication usually reports on the origins of four surnames per issue.
The Everett surname report appeared in the June, 2007 (# 52) issue of the magazine.
In their report they identified the following surname variations: Everet, Everard, Evard, Evered, Everitt, Everatt, Everett, Everid, Everad, Everette. The report indicated that the surname was a patronymic, meaning “son of Everard” – a name that was “reasonably popular in the Middle Ages.” They suggested that it may have derived from “the Old English personal name Eoforheard, but it is likely to be a more recent import from the Continent, where it was rendered Eburhard or Everhard.” They suggested that all three of these names meant “boar-hard” in Old German – meaning that the “bearer was as strong and courageous as a wild boar.”
Mr. Adolph found early references to Richard and William Everard, “in the Curia Regis rolls of Bedfordshire in 1204 and the 1225 assizes of Somerset respectively.” They also found a Geoffrey Everad in Norfolk in 1300.
Reviewing 1881 census data, he indicated that the distribution of Everard and Everett “…strongly suggests they are variants of each other. Both are clustered in the south-east and East Anglia, decreasing markedly in frequency as one moves west and north.”
Mr. Adolph offers a “plug” for our DNA Project. Based on some of the information I sent them last year, he says: “Craig Everett, organizer of the …DNA project, has found two distinct DNA profiles, both coming from Suffolk. This may suggest two separate origins of the two different lines, or that one of the family lines may in fact result from an undisclosed event….”
Each of the articles on surnames also includes “…an example of a coat of arms borne by a family of that name.” This article included the attached coat of arms but did not identify the history or origin of it. When I have time I will compare it to the ones we have collected from Burke’s publications. Perhaps this article will interest additional UK or other international readers to participate in our DNA Project
The publication is a large format and colorful magazine with features that range from historical searches of family lines and family occupations to a large section of computer resources and reviews that include, “The Best Genealogy Software”, “Software Reviews” and “Data CDs.” The writers have a helpful orientation of walking the reader through often complex searches and problems. The publication’s website for its “Forum” is http://forum.yourfamilytreemag.co.uk .
FAMILY HISTORY NEWS
Who Was Private William J. Everett – 3rd Illinois Calvary, Buried In Port Hudson National Cemetery, Louisiana
On a recent trip to Baton Rouge, Louisiana to speak at a conference, my wife and I (CAE) had an opportunity to collect some data from the state archives and to find a Union Everett soldier buried in a small national cemetery on a bend next to the Mississippi River.
Baton Rouge is on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River about 45 miles north of New Orleans. It was amazing to learn from the folks that we met how much the effects of hurricane Katrina were still an influence on families and businesses for hundreds of miles. There are still a number of grand plantations dating from the early 1800s that have been restored and protected on both sides of the River, north of Baton Rouge and south to New Orleans.
There were a number of battles and skirmishes during the Civil War in this area, most occurring before the fall of Vicksburg in 1863. We visited the Port Hudson State Park and Civil War Site, site of a 48-day siege. In Civil War history we hear most about the central role of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River for the Confederacy and the siege that occurred there. The site of Port Hudson was significant because it is located just below the mouth of the Red River which was the primary route for the shipment of supplies from Texas to the Confederate Army throughout the South. Fortifications were easily placed on the high bluffs which overlooked an extreme bend in the river. The Confederate troops occupied this area beginning in August, 1862 and constructed nearly 4 ½ miles of earthworks.
In May, 1863 General Nathan P. Banks arrived with nearly 30,000 Union troops. The Confederates, under the command of General Franklin Gardner, defended their camps on the bluffs with only 6,800 troops. The Union forces made a number of ferocious assaults at several sites along the 4 ½ mile earthworks. It is said that “some of the bloodiest and most severe fighting in the entire Civil War” occurred here.
It is interesting to note that two African American regiments – the 1st and 3rd Louisiana Native Guards – participated with the Union forces. This won the role of African American troops greater acceptance and involvement in future battles. When word reached General Gardner that Vicksburg had fallen, he realized his situation was hopeless and there was no reason to continue to defend Port Hudson. The surrender was negotiated on July 9, 1983. This 48-day siege became the longest in American military history.
A couple of miles south of the battle site is the Port Hudson National Cemetery. It covers only about 10 acres and includes many civil war veterans, most from the Union armies. We found the grave of W.J. Everett, identified as a Private from Illinois. He died May 6, 1864.
When I returned home I tried to identify this veteran and put his life in some perspective. Military records indicated that he was living in Pulaski, Illinois (a town I have not been able to locate) and he “mustered into” the army on February 29, 1864 in Saline Co., Illinois. He was in the 3rd Illinois Calvary, Company E, which was formed from Saline and Gallatin Counties, Illinois. These counties are in the very southern tip of Illinois. Suprisingly, two other Everetts mustered in on the same day from the same county: Thomas D. Everett and Kelsey Everett. They also served in the same unit. Were these a father and two sons, or brothers? Additional searching identified Kelsey as having died April 4, 1864 in Camp Butler (Illinois – I have not found a cause of death). Thomas D. was identified as having “transferred to Company B” at some point. It appears these men did not enlist until 7 months after the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson, and that William J. and Kelsey only lived approximately 3 and 2 months respectively after joining their unit.
Finding potential brothers made this search more intriguing. But when I recalled that the camp at Port Hudson had surrendered in July, 1863, it was an even greater mystery that William J. did not die until May 6, 1864. It was clear that he did not die in the actual Battle of Port Hudson, in fact, other records suggest his unit was at Vicksburg, not Port Hudson. This is why his name did not appear with the roster of men who “fought” in the battle (see list below).
I found the history of the 3rd Illinois Calvary (www.rootsweb.com/~ilcivilw/history/c03cav.htm). It appears from other sources that only the 6th and 7th Illinois Calvary actually fought at Port Hudson. After Vicksburg the unit was involved in minor skirmishes and other duties near Memphis for most of the rest of the war. I did find a note that the garrison at Port Hudson, now under Union control, remained active until the summer of 1866. In fact it was used as a recruiting center for African American troops. Since it is clear that William J. died and is buried at Port Hudson, his company must have been assigned to manage this camp at Port Hudson. Perhaps he died of one of the many illnesses that plagued the soldiers living and fighting near the river. I have found no records of other skirmishes or battles at this location.
The effort to identify William J.’s family or origins have been challenging and remain somewhat unclear. Working from census data I found a Kelsey Everett (since he had the more unique name) as a 14 year old child living in Rusk County, Texas. I had started looking in Illinois. This family has all of the right names in it for these to have been brothers, but they were identified in East Texas, near Shreveport, up until 1850. The family identified in the 1850 census for Rusk County, Texas were:
Sylvanus Everett 53 farmer born in Maryland
Mary Everett 49 born in Tennessee
Elizabeth Everett 24 born in Tennessee
Thomas Everett 20 farmer born in Tennessee
Kelsey Everett 14 born in Tennessee
William Everett 8 born in Texas
There was also a Joshua Everett, a 49 year old Blacksmith from Tennessee, living next to this family. Sylvanus appears on two land records in 1847 for 401 and 239 acres in Rusk County, and on a tax list in 1846. I found a Sylvanus in the 1830 census in Knox County, Tennessee with a wife, a male child between 5 and 10, and three daughters (could two of these young daughters have died?) After the war, I tracked Thomas D. back to Rusk County. In the 1870 census, he was living on the family farm in Rusk County with his mother, Mary, his sister Elizabeth. However there was also a male, George Yager(sp?), 52 years old in the household, and a James H. Everett, identified as a 46 year old farmer living there, too. In addition, a 12 year old African American child, Amanda Leonard, was identified as a servant in the household.
I have no real confidence that this is the family of the William J. Everett buried in Port Hudson. The names and dates appear to fit, but I cannot think of any reason these brothers would travel all the way north from East Texas to enlist in the Union Army. Even if they wished to fight for the Union cause there would have been organized federal units closer by in Missouri and even Louisiana. I offer these data in the hope that other Everett researchers will see a connection with their own family line and pursue a more thorough search. If you find any further information on this family please let us know.
Below are some additional data from the Port Hudson and state archives records.
Everetts Who Fought In the Battle Of Port Hudson
Everett, Edward - K 133rd New York Infantry
Everett, Edward - M 14th New York Calvary
Everett, Edward Pvt G 1st Indiana Artillery Regimt
Everett, Edward J. Qtr Sgt - 3rd Massachusetts Calvary
Everett, Frank Pvt K 10th Corps d’Afrique
Everett, Jackson Pvt H 10th Corps d’Afrique
Everett, Jackson H. Corp F 165th New York Infantry
Everett, James H. - I 161st New York Infantry
Everett, John (died) Pvt E 8th New Hampshire Infantry
Everett, John Pvt I 30th Massachusetts Infantry
Everett, Joseph (kia) 1st Sgt F 8th New Hampshire Infantry
Everett, Joseph H. Pvt E 12th Connecticut Infantry
Everett, Joseph H. (died) - S 6th Illinois Cavalry
Everett, Mager Pvt HD 1st Louisiana Engineers
Everett, Manton Pvt K 38th Massachusetts Infantry
Everett, Patrick Sgt B 12th Louisiana Artillery
Everett, Robert F. (disabled) Pvt K 31st Massachusetts Infantry
Everett, Russell Pvt H 10th Corps d’Afrique
Everett, Samuel H. Sgt H 42nd Massachusetts Infantry
Everett, Samuel H. Capt F 1st Louisiana Engineers
Everett, W.B. Pvt D 12th Arkansas Infantry
Everett, Wilson Y. - K 1st Illinois Artillery
Everitt, George W. (died) - A 173rd New York Infantry
Everitt, Seyjour Pvt C 165th New York Infantry
Louisiana Confederate Pension Applications Index (Microfilm)
– Louisiana State Archives
Everett, Angeline Elizabeth (Jordan) CP1.46 3
Everett, Elizabeth C. (Smith) CP1.46 8
Everett, Joseph Ramsey CP1.47 6
Everett, Lucreascia (Kooter) CP1.78 6
Everett, Malissa Eudora (Perkins) CP1.109 22
Everett, Samuel W. CP1.46 10
Everett, T.A.(G.?) CP1.46 8
Everett, William B. CP1.47 51
Everett, William B./Nancy S. Everett CP1.46 7
Everett, Zacharriah Lea CP1.47 14
Everett, Zacharriah Lea/Angeline E. Everett CP1.46 3
Everette, William B. CP1.47 51
Everitt, Joseph Ramsey/Ella N. Everitt CP1.47 2
Everitt, Samuel W. CP1.46 10
Everitt, William Smith CP1.47 25